Eye Disease

For needs to go beyond routine eye care, our practice provides many levels of medical eye care.

GLAUCOMA

Glaucoma can easily go unrecognized in its early stages. Most types of Glaucoma are painless. This disease generally advances slowly, so a person can adapt to the symptoms associated with Glaucoma.

Glaucoma is a group of eye disorders that leads to progressive damage to the optic nerve, resulting in loss of vision. If left untreated it may even lead to blindness. The most commonly known form of glaucoma is associated with an increase in the fluid pressure inside the eye.

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the U.S. It most often occurs in people over the age of 40 and to those who have a family history of glaucoma. Other risk factors may include chronic eye inflammation, thinner corneas and using medications that increase the pressure in the eyes.

Glaucoma cannot currently be prevented, but if diagnosed and treated early it can usually be controlled. Medication or surgery can slow or prevent further vision loss.
To find out more about Glaucoma or to start your treatment, schedule your appointment with Antietam Eye Associates today!

www.aoa.org

Macular Degeneration

Check Your Vision

Macular degeneration symptoms include:

  • Inability to see objects clearly
  • Objects appearing distorted; straight lines appearing crooked
  • A dark or empty area appears in central vision point

 

There are several tests that can determine the health of your eye and diagnose whether or not you have macular degeneration.

With “dry” macular degeneration, the tissue of the macula gradually becomes thin and stops functioning properly. There is no cure for dry AMD, however doctors now believe there is a link between nutrition and the progression of dry AMD. Less common, “wet” macular degeneration results when fluids leak from newly formed blood vessels under the macula and blur central vision. If detected early, “wet” AMD can be treated with laser treatments and/or medications.

To find out more about Macular Degeneration, or to start your treatment, schedule your appointment with Antietam Eye Associates today!

www.aoa.org

DRY EYE

Dry eye is a condition in which there are insufficient tears to lubricate and nourish the eye. People with dry eyes either have a poor quality of tears or do not produce enough tears. Dry eye is a common and often chronic problem, predominantly in older adults.

With each blink of the eyelids, tears spread across the surface of the eye. Tears provide lubrication, reduce the risk of eye infection, wash away dust and debris in the eye and keep the surface of the eyes clear.

The most common form of dry eyes is due to an insufficient amount of the water layer of tears. This condition, called keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), is also called dry eye syndrome. People with dry eyes may experience symptoms of irritated, gritty, scratchy or burning eyes, a consistent feeling of something in their eyes, excess watering and blurred vision.

Severe Dry Eye can be associated with systemic diseases, so it is important to be evaluated and not just use over the counter medications.

To find out more about Dry Eye or to start your treatment, schedule your appointment with Antietam Eye Associates today!

www.aoa.org

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a condition developing in persons with diabetes, which causes progressive damage to the retina, the light sensitive lining at the back of the eye. It is a serious sight-threatening complication of diabetes.

Diabetic retinopathy is the result of damage to the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina. The condition usually affects both eyes. The longer a person has diabetes, the more likely they will develop diabetic retinopathy.

Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy include:

  • Seeing spots or floaters in your field of vision
  • Blurred vision
  • Difficulty seeing well at night

Often there are no visual symptoms in the early stages of diabetic retinopathy. Early detection and treatment can decrease the potential for substantial vision loss from diabetic retinopathy.

To find out more about Diabetic Retinopathy or to start your treatment, schedule your appointment with Antietam Eye Associates today!

www.aoa.org

NEARSIGHTEDNESS

Nearsightedness, or myopia, as it is medically referred to, is a vision condition where close objects are seen clearly, but objects farther away seem blurred.

Nearsightedness is a very common vision condition affecting nearly 30 percent of the U.S. population. Commonly, nearsightedness first occurs in school-age children. Because the eye continues to grow during childhood, it normally progresses until about age 20. However, nearsightedness may also develop in adults.

A common sign of nearsightedness is difficulty with the clarity of distant objects like a TV screen or the chalkboard in school. Eyeglasses or contact lenses can be prescribed that correct nearsightedness.

To find out more about Near Sightedness or to start your treatment, schedule your appointment with Antietam Eye Associates today!

FARSIGHTEDNESS

Farsightedness, or hyperopia, as it is medically referred to, is a vision condition in which distant objects are usually seen clearly, but close ones do not come into proper focus.

Typical signs of farsightedness include difficulty in concentrating and maintaining a clear focus on near objects, eye strain, fatigue and/or headaches after close work, aching or burning eyes, irritability or nervousness after prolonged concentration.

In mild cases of farsightedness, your eyes may be able to compensate without corrective lenses. In other cases, we can prescribe eyeglasses or contact lenses to optically correct farsightedness.

To find out more about Far Sightedness or to start your treatment, schedule your appointment with Antietam Eye Associates today!

ASTIGMATISM

Astigmatism is a vision condition that produces blurred vision due either to the irregular shape of the cornea, the clear front cover of the eye, or sometimes the curvature of the lens inside the eye. As a result, vision becomes blurred at any distance.

Astigmatism is a very common vision condition. Slight amounts of astigmatism usually don't affect vision therefore don't require treatment. However, larger amounts cause distorted or blurred vision, eye discomfort and headaches.

Astigmatism commonly occurs with other vision conditions like nearsightedness and farsightedness.

To find out more about Astigmatism or to start your treatment, schedule your appointment with Antietam Eye Associates today!

Presbyopia

Presbyopia is a vision condition in which the crystalline lens of your eye loses its flexibility, which makes it difficult for you to focus on close objects. Presbyopia may seem to occur suddenly, but the actual loss of flexibility takes place over a number of years. Presbyopia usually becomes noticeable in the early to mid-40s. Presbyopia is a natural part of the aging process of the eye.

Signs of presbyopia include the tendency to hold reading materials at arm's length, blurred vision or eye fatigue accompanied by headaches when doing close work.

To help you compensate for presbyopia, we can prescribe reading glasses, bifocals, trifocals or contact lenses.
To find out more about Presbyopia or to start your treatment, schedule your appointment with Antietam Eye Associates today!

www.aoa.org

CATARACTS

Most cataracts are due to age-related changes in the lens. However, other factors can contribute to their development including:

  • Diabetes mellitus—Persons with diabetes are at higher risk for cataracts.
  • Drugs—Certain medications have been found to be associated with the development of a cataract. These include:
    • Corticosteroids
    • Chlorpromazine and other phenothiazine related medications
  • Ultraviolet radiation—Studies have shown that there is an increased chance of cataract formation with unprotected exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
  • Smoking - An association between smoking and increased nuclear opacities has been reported.
  • Alcohol - Several studies have shown increased cataract formation in patients with higher alcohol consumption compared with people who have lower or no alcohol consumption.
  • Nutritional deficiency—Although the results are inconclusive, studies have suggested an association between cataract formation and low levels of antioxidants (e.g. vitamin C, vitamin E, carotenoids). Further studies may show that antioxidants have a significant effect on decreasing cataract development.

 

There are exciting advancements in the cataract surgical removal techniques as well as the intraocular lens that is placed in the eye. Both Dr. Kornilow and Dr. Ridenour can help guide in choosing the right option for you.

To find out more about Cataracts or to start your treatment, schedule your appointment with Antietam Eye Associates today!

www.aoa.org

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